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A listing of nobles and their landholdings under the Norman kings is provided by the "Catalogus Baronum", which was compiled under the auspices of Guillaume II "le Bon" King of Sicily.The document is not dated but it can probably be assigned narrowly to [1168], judging by the names of some of the individuals who are recorded, assuming that all parts of the survey were compiled at the same time.There were numerous new appointments, and counts were frequently switched from one county to another, or dispossessed entirely as punishment for participation in the numerous rebellions organised against the Norman rulers.The information in the primary sources about these early Norman nobles is patchy.Despite access to many sources, it has proved difficult to reconstitute many of these noble Norman families for more than a couple of generations.

It is assumed that the majority of Norman immigrants came from relatively humble backgrounds.They were, in turn, followers of the Norman Hauteville dynasty of kings (until the end-12th century), the Hohenstaufen (first half of the 13th century), the Anjou-Capet kings (from 1266), and their Aragonese rivals (from the late-13th century).As will be seen, control of many of the counties changed with each successive change of dynasty.In several cases, the sources hint at family connections between these newly established nobility and the Hauteville family of the dukes of Apulia/kings of Sicily, but not all such relationships can be traced precisely.A handful of Lombard noble families survived the transition and continued to flourish under Norman rule.

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